Makkah: The First Holy City of Islam
The first House (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakkah, full of blessing and of guidance for all kinds of beings.
[The Holy Qur’an, 3:96]
Makkah was formerly also known to Arabs as Bakkah.
God addressed to Arabs in their language, their own local traditions, and clear, simple terms they understood the best.
In the following verse Makkah has been given the title "The Mother of Cities" by Allah, the All-Wise.
And this is a Book which We have sent down, bringing blessings and confirming (The Revelations) which came before it, that you may warn the Mother of Cities and all around her. Those who believe in the Hereafter, believe in this (Book), and they are constant in guarding their prayers.
[The Holy Qur’an, 6:92]
In the Holy Qur'an Makkah has been given the title "The Mother of Cities". Makkah, throughout the nations, always has been associated with Adam and Eve and with Ibraheem (peace be upon them). God revealed these verses to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) asking him to spread the Message of Islam among the people of the Mother of Cities and around it. We see that even according to the modern-day world atlas, tought in schools across the globe, Makkah is the Centre of the world therefore in broader sense this would mean that God revealed the Message of Islam and wanted it to be spread around the Mother of Cities i.e. throughout the whole world.
For me, I have been commanded to serve the Lord of this City, Him Who has sanctified it and to Whom (belong) all things. And I am commanded to be of those who bow in Islam to Allah's Will. And to rehearse the Qur'an, and if any accept guidance, they do it for the good of their own souls, and if any stray, say: "I am only a warner".
[The Holy Qur’an, 27:91-92]
According to the scholars, these verses were revealed in Makkah. They give us some idea about the circumstances in which Muhammad (peace be upon him) was trying to spread the Message of Islam to the Makkans. The people of Makkah had forgotten their forefather, Prophet Ibraheem who was a true believer in Allah. He submitted himself to the Will of the One True God. Allah sacntified the City in which Ibraheem, His true servant, lived. But his people became idolators and pagans.
In these verses those people are told that The Qur'an is from the Lord of this City, Makkah, Who has sanctified it and Who is the Owner of all that exists. That very Lord has revealed this Qur'an to guide people back to the Ibraheem's life style.
An other important point we learn from these verses is that Allah sent His messengers to deliver His message and to spread His Guidance to the people. Muhammad (peace be upon him) was the final of those messengers. He was too asked to preach the Qur'an; accepting or rejecting the message was people's choice. Therefore he was asked to say: "I am only a warner".
No. Muslims Don't
They Worship Allah,
The One True God.
According to the Islamic creed:
None is worthy of worship except God. The Ka’bah, in the Holy City of Makkah is simply the direction to which the Muslims turn their face when praying to God Almighty.
There is a widespread false-conception and mis-understanding among the non-believers about the Ka’bah!
A lot of non-muslims say and preach that the Muslims “worship” a stone building - the Cube. The fact is that the Muslims worship nothing - none - but the One True God. They do not worship the Cube nor the Black Stone. The Muslims worship Almighty God - Allah.
The Ka’bah is simply the direction to which the Muslims turn their face when praying to God. They pray to Allah and not to the Ka’bah.
The Ka’abah in Makkah was built by Prophet Adam. God commanded Prophet Ibraheem to reconstruct it.